Text of proposed
ARTICLE 28 (or alternate
number to be assigned by Congress)
America’s Immigration experience is unique among nations and revered by the
American people. It is the right of citizens to receive from America’s
Immigration policies protection from immigrants entering the United States
illegally or who violated the terms of their visas or other entry permits.
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A maximum number of applications for citizenship to the United States that can
be approved by immigration authorities for any given year is 250,000, which
includes adults and children. The maximum number of approvals for citizenship
to the United States from any individual country, or foreign territory, shall
not exceed 7,500 a year.
The United States Congress shall determine the qualifications of individual
applicants who are applying for citizenship. Congress shall also determine
which countries of origin (or foreign territories) are authorized to send
applications for citizenship to the United States.
The United States Congress is authorized to grant citizenship through amnesty to
persons who are in the United States illegally when: one, two thirds of both
Houses of the United States Congress agree that such amnesty should be granted
and; two, the maximum number of persons who are in the United States illegally
and who would be granted citizenship through amnesty in a given year shall not
exceed 250,000. Congress shall also have authority to decide additional
qualifications of illegal immigrants who are to be granted citizenship through
All illegal immigrants, including those who have overstayed their visas or any
other entry permit and who desire to reside in the United States must have their
visas and/or entry permits renewed through proper immigration authorities within
6 months of the ratification of this Article. No renewal of a visa or entry
permit can be for longer than five years. Immigration authorities can extend
the 6 month renewal deadline to 12 months if additional time is needed to
process applications for illegal immigrants. The maximum number of illegal
immigrants who can have their visas or other entry permits renewed in any given
year is 2.5 million, which includes adults and children. Congress shall have
authority to increase the number up to a maximum of 4 million renewals per year
with a 2/3’s approval vote by both Houses of Congress. Illegal immigrants
entering the United States after the date of ratification of this Article shall
have no benefit of the provisions in this Article and must be returned to their
country of origin.
The maximum number of renewals of visas or other entry permits illegal
immigrants can apply for is three. Individuals who have violated the terms of
their visas or any other entry permit by breaking any felony law of the States
or the United States and its possessions or territories will not qualify for
amnesty nor will they qualify for an extension of their visa or other entry
permit as defined in this Article.
Individuals who have been granted citizenship or who have been given renewals of
their visas, or other entry permits, must learn to speak and write English as a
condition of their stay in the United States. They must also agree to
assimilate, as defined by Congress, into the American culture. Activities on
the part of immigrant citizens or any individual who has applied for renewal or
their visa or other entry permit, that undermines the authority of the United
States Constitution, or that promotes secession or violence against the
government of the States or United States shall invalidate their citizenship or
visa or other entry permit. Other conditions of entry and stay in the United
States can be proscribed by Congress.
Illegal immigrants, including adults and children, who have not met the
requirements in this Article must be returned to their countries of origin by
Individuals who are born in the United States to parents who are in the United
States illegally shall not be automatically granted citizenship. Citizenship
shall be automatically granted to persons born in the United States when at
least one of their biological parents is a legal citizen.
To secure the rights of citizens the provisions of this Article shall govern
immigration policies for the United States of America. Any elected government
official who intentionally obstructs the enforcement of the provisions of this
Article will have committed an impeachable offense and will be subject to
criminal prosecution and upon conviction serve up to five years in prison. Any
non elected government official, or an individual who has been appointed to a
government position, who intentionally obstructs the enforcement of the
provisions of this Article will have committed a criminal offense and upon
conviction serve up to five years in prison. Non government individuals and/or
any private entities that intentionally obstruct the enforcement of this Article
will have committed a criminal offense and upon conviction serve up to five
years in prison. The United States Department of Justice shall be charged with
the responsibility for prosecuting violators of the provisions of this Article.
Individual States shall have authority to prosecute violators under State laws
in the absence of Department of Justice prosecution.
provisions of this Article are enforceable within the United States which shall
include the Several States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of
Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and the
territories and possessions of the United States.
This Article shall be immediately part of the United States Constitution upon
ratification by three quarters of the State Legislatures in the several States
and shall supersede and take precedence over all prior regulations, statutory
law and case law relating to immigration policy in the United States.
Controlling the Single Issue Federal Convention
Article V Analysis
From the Articles of Confederation to the Constitution
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